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[All pictures of garden wildlife on this page are thumbnails. Click on any thumbnail for a large format to be displayed.]

Tortrixes (Tortricidae)

Tortrixes is a family of small moths comprised of some 400 members in the UK. Resting, most species hold their wings like a roof. In this way they look like very small Owlet Moths. Most species have a wingspan between 10 and 20 mm only. The caterpillar often rolls up a leaf and lives a sheltered life inside. Because of this behaviour they are also referred to as Leaf-rolling Moths, especially in the USA. Not all caterpillars roll up leaves though. Some mine leaves in the early stages of life, others bore into stems of plants or leaves. Some species are very difficult to tell apart, but most can be identified, especially when slightly enlarged. There are many very beautiful species among them.

Clicking on "more" in the caption will take you to a page containing much more information on the species and usually more photographs as well.


Poplar Shoot Borer (Gypsonoma aceriana)

The Poplar Shoot Borer is characterized by the lack of characteristic markings. The head is not whitish. more...


Gypsonoma dealbana

Not an easy species to identify, but the head is always a bit whitish. more...


Long-cloaked Marble Hedya ochroleucana

Beautiful Tortrix Moth. It is looking the way it does to imitate a bird's droppings. more...


Marbled Orchard Tortrix Hedya nubiferana

Some of these Hedya species are very difficult to tell apart. This species is also known as the Green Budworm and scientifically as Hedya dimidioalba. more...


Rose Garden Tortrix Acleris variegana

Looks a lot like the negative of the previous species. Resting on a leaf it too looks like a bird's droppings. more...


Acleris logiana

Small milkish white species with brown markings. Easy identifiable because it has a typical resting position: always very flat to the surface it sits on. more...


Acleris notana

Extremely variable species. Very similar to the species below and identifiable only when it is dark like this one, for Acleris ferrugana never is this dark. more...


Acleris notana / Acleris ferrugana

Whitish with a brown half circle near the upperedge of the wing. You can only tell these species apart by examining the genitals. Even experts often put these two together. more...


Bramble Shoot Moth Notocelia uddmanniana

Easy to identify because of the big black spot on the wings. more...


Pale Yellow Leafroller Aleimma loeflingiana

In spite of the silver, the Pale Yellow Leafroller is mighty rusty. more...


Dark Strawberry Tortrix Celypha lacunana

One of the many species with silvry scales. These may look dramatic, but they actually make the animal quite invisible sitting in a tree or shrub with the sun shining through the leaves. more...


Pseudargyrotoza conwagana

Another species with silvry scales. Even more beautiful and quite easily identified. more...


Olethreutes arcuella

The most beautiful of them all. It is a shame it has no common name. more...


Chestnut Tortrix Cydia splendana

This species is not unlike some others. Its larvae can be found in wallnuts or chestnuts. more...


Lobesia reliquana

You can hardly miss this beautiful species. more...


Cochylis nana

Another small but easily identifiable species. more...


Green Oak Tortrix Tortrix viridana

An all light green Tortrix. More...


Spruce Tortricid Archips oporana

The chocolate brown Spruce Tortricid is still an unusual Tortrix in the UK. more...


Brown Oak Tortrix Archips xylosteana

In the genus Archips we find a number of beautifully marked brown tortrix moths. more...


Fruit Tree Tortrix Archips podana

Beautifully marked, but very notorious tortrix moth. more...


Chequered Fruit-tree Tortrix Pandemis corylana

The Chequered Fruit-tree Tortrix is a small brown Tortrix that differs from the following two species by the fine lines on the upperwing, the open band and the light shoulders. more...


Dark Fruit-tree Tortrix Pandemis heparana

Similar the the species above and below. Doesn't have the fine lines of the species above. The band is closed and usuallu uniformly dark. The shoulders are smaller and less well marked than in the species below. more...


Smaller Tea Tortrix Adoxophyes orana

The Smaller Tea Tortrix, also known as the Summer Fruit Tortrix Moth, is similar to the species above. It lacks the numerous fine lines of the Chequered Fruit-tree Tortrix and has bigger and better marked shoulders compared to the Dark Fruit-tree Tortrix. more...


Tortricodes alternella

A rather dull species, almost an exception in Tortrixes. Quite variable, alas. more...


Dichrorampha acuminatana

Dichrorampha acuminatana also looks like a dull one at first sight. A close up reveals many unsuspected details though. more...


Ancylis unculana

Ancylis unculana may be identified best by looking at its large chocolate brown area near the top of the wing. more...
Gardensafari Moths and Butterflies app for iPhone Gardensafari app
'Moths and Butterflies'
for iOS8 is available at the app store.



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